The Moss Ball - Cladophora sp is a spongy velvet-like green algae ball that in the wild is found around Japan and Northern Europe. They were once thought to be extremely slow growing, but recent studies suggest that the growth can be accelerated by providing more nutrients. In its natural habitat, they are moved around by undercurrents and sink or rise in order to receive plenty of light to carry out photosynthesis.
The Moss Ball requires moderate to high lighting, approximately 3 watts per gallon provided by full spectrum (5000-7000K) bulbs. The temperature of the water should be between 10 - 24 C, with an alkalinity of 3-8 dKH and a neutral pH.
The Moss Ball propagates by division. It starts with a division line which progresses to the splitting off of a smaller new Moss Ball.